Viral Labyrinthitis As suggested by its name it is thought to be a viral inflammation of the labyrinth (either the combined hearing and balance organs or vestibulocochlear nerve). The herpes simplex virus type 1 (the virus of colds sores) has been implicated but so has cold and flu viruses. Viral labyrinthitis very rarely recurs. The
The First Attack of Vertigo: Is it a Stroke or is it Inner Ear Disease? If vertigo suddenly occurs, with no pre-existing history of dizziness, then both patient and doctor are concerned whether this represents a transient ischaemic attack (TIA or “mini-stroke”) which may herald the advent of a much more serious stroke with
Motion Sickness and Persistent Sea Sickness Motion Sickness Motion sickness, also called sea sickness, occurs when your brain receives conflicting signals from eyes, inner ears, skin and joints about your state of motion. The symptoms of motion sickness include dizziness, sweating, nausea, and vomiting. People who suffer from migraine are more likely to suffer from
Herpes Zoster Oticus (HZO) & Ramsey Hunt Syndrome (RHS) These conditions are two forms of the same disease process where Ramsey Hunt Syndrome is Herpes Zoster Oticus with a facial nerve weakness. The cause of this condition is a reactivation of dormant chicken pox virus (varicella-zoster virus) in the nerve cell bodies of the vestibulocochlear
Bilateral vestibulopathy (syn. bilateral vestibular areflexia) is a consequence of significant injury to the balance portions of both inner ears. This injury is often due to long standing inner ear disease, such as Meniere’s disease, affecting both ears. It is also caused by medicines which can damage the inner ear such as aminoglycosides e.g. gentamicin,
Chiari Malformation in Adults The fundamental cause of this condition is that the cerebellum is too big for the posterior fossa and is pushed down through the foramen magnum. The three main effects of these are 1. Impairment/blockage of normal cerebrospinal flow (CSF) flow around the brain and spinal cord. 2. The downward pressure on
Advice and Medication for Acute Vertigo and Nausea for all conditions other than BPPV During an acute attack, lay down on a firm surface. Stay as motionless as possible, with your eyes open and fixed on a stationary object. Do not try to drink or sip water immediately, as you’d be very likely to vomit.
Ear canal infections occur when either a bacteria or fungus infects the skin of the ear canal. This causes severe pain in the ear with hearing loss, buzzing, itching and a discharge. The ear looks normal, but the ear canal is very tender to touch and often there is a foul discharge.
Middle Ear Perilymph Fistula is a rare condition where there is a tear or hole in one or both of the small, thin membranes (the oval and the round windows) between the middle and inner ear resulting in a leak of perilymph into the middle ear. There are many causes for this and include:- i)External
Vestibular Neuritis (VN) – Acute Unilateral Peripheral Vestibulopathy This condition has many names: vestibular neuritis, vestibular neuronitis, viral neurolabyrinthitis, acute unilateral vestibular failure, acute unilateral peripheral vestibulopathy, acute vestibulopathy of unknown aetiology, acute unilateral peripheral deficit, epidemic vertigo & peripheral acute vestibular syndrome It is a common cause of severe prolonged dizziness due to